Breast Cancer

The disease

Breast cancer destroys families. It is the most frequent cancer among women. According to the WHO 2.1 Million woman were affected in 2018 and 30% died. Once a patient is diagnosed with breast cancer several treatment approaches can be taken. Among them is surgery, radiotherapy, chemo-, endocrine, and targeted therapies, depending on the stage of the cancer.

Risk factors

The individual risk to develop breast cancer is a likelihood based on previous cases and their circumstances. Likelihoods do not predict your individual fate, they rather count how many cases occurred with similar circumstances. Personalized care tries to identify and measure personal risk factors to minimize the likelihood to develop breast cancer as much as possible.

There are two categories, the fixed and modifiable risk factors. While fixed ones cannot be changed, your personal lifestyle does affect your risk to develop breast cancer.

Risk factors you can control
Weight, Diet, Exercise
Alcohol consumption, Smoking
Exposure to estrogen
Taking hormones
Stress and anxiety

Risk factors you cannot control
Genetic mutations
Personal and family history of breast cancer
Gender, Age, Race
Having dense breasts
Previous treatment using radiation therapy
Breast cellular changes
Exposure to estrogen
(Absence of) pregnancy and breastfeeding

Diagnosis

Early detection of breast cancer improves the outcome and survival of the disease. Any treatment is simply more effective if the cancer is detected early.

Screening